Revista Ciencias de la Salud

ISSN-e: 2145-4507

ISSN: 1692-7273 

Crisis económicas y salud en controversia: el “debate Brenner”, 1970-2012

Mónica García

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/revsalud/a.5382

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Resumen


Objetivo: en este artículo exploro algunos de los debates acerca de los efectos de las crisis económicas en la salud pública desarrollados en el mundo anglosajón desde la década de 1970. Desarrollo: me concentro en particular en los trabajos de quien iniciara y dominara esos debates en los Estados Unidos, el sociólogo Harvey Brenner, las críticas de sus contradictores salubristas y economistas, así como en la figuración de Brenner en la prensa norteamericana quien como uno de los expertos reportó sobre las crisis y la salud en ese periodo. Conclusiones: encuentro que mientras Brenner ha argumentado que las crisis económicas afectan negativamente la salud, sus críticos han encontrado resultados opuestos: que las crisis de hecho mejoran la salud. Muestro cómo estos últimos cuestionaron tanto las premisas y la metodología de Brenner, así como su intención de intervenir en las políticas en salud. Argumento que hay indicios de que la diferencia entre los agentes en controversia está relacionada no solo con el uso de métodos distintos, sino también con visiones diferentes sobre la dinámica social y la salud, y quizá con intereses profesionales divergentes.


Palabras clave


crisis económica, salud pública, economía de la salud, desempleo, mortalidad

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