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Pablo López-Silva

En el contexto de la comprensión de la interacción organismo–medio ambiente, el concepto de affordance designa las diversas oportunidades para la acción a las que la percepción de un objeto invita. Cuando miramos un muro, no solo percibimos sus propiedades físicas brutas (color, tamaño, localización, etc.), sino también ciertas cualidades, como que es escalable, dependiendo del contexto en que tal percepción ocurra. Dicha noción de escalabilidad integrada en mi percepción del muro es una affordance. Durante los últimos años, este concepto se ha vuelto popular en diversas disciplinas; sin embargo, no ha estado acompañado de un desarrollo unificado y preciso de su comprensión. Este artículo formula y examina algunos de los debates más fundamentales que rodean el entendimiento actual de dicho concepto. Luego de evaluar críticamente algunas de las ideas más paradigmáticas dentro de estas discusiones, se proponen algunos desafíos que enfrenta el desarrollo del término para, finalmente, explorar algunas formas en que se pueden afrontar tales desafíos.

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