Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana

ISSN-e: 2145-4515

ISSN: 1794-4724 

El papel de las estrategias y los conocimientos previos al leer en Internet: revisión y discusión de la literatura relevante al tema

Mario Morales, Rosa del Carmen Flores Macías, José Manuel Meza Cano

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/apl/a.3624

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Resumen


Internet representa una herramienta con un potencial educativo sin precedentes, pero para que sea aprovechada es necesario comprender la relación entre las características de sus textos y los recursos del lector al aprender. La investigación ha identificado que los lectores en Internet necesitan dos tipos de conocimientos: los relacionados con el tema sobre el que están leyendo y los relacionados al uso de Internet; se ha analizado cómo éstos se distinguen y entran en juego. Igualmente se plantea que el lector emplea dos tipos de estrategias: las usadas en el texto impreso que se adaptan al texto de Internet y las que son específicas al texto de Internet. Un aspecto que continúa siendo controversial es la relación entre estrategias y conocimientos previos. El objetivo del presente escrito es hacer un análisis de estas investigaciones, considerando sus referentes empíricos y metodológicos en la literatura, el conocimiento que han aportado y las controversias que se han suscitado.


Palabras clave


lectura; Internet; educación; adolescencia; estrategias de lectura; conocimiento previo.

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