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Luanna Silva
André Faro



La Escala de Frustración y Malestar (EFR) evalúa las creencias de intolerancia a la frustración. Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo adaptar este instrumento al contexto brasileño; buscar evidencias de validez de contenido, de estructura interna, y en función de la relación con variables externas y, finalmente, verificar la relación entre los niveles de intolerancia a la frustración con el género y la edad de los participantes. La muestra estuvo formada por 293 individuos, con una edad promedio de 21.6 años (de = 3.57). Se aplicó el EFR, el Patient Health Questionnaire-4 (PHQ-4) y un cuestionario sociodemográfico. Los resultados del análisis factorial exploratorio indicaron la relevancia de una solución factorial compuesta por dos dimensiones. En cuanto a la consistencia interna, se encontraron buenos índices para ambos factores y para la escala. Hubo asociación positiva y estadísticamente significativa entre el EFM y el PHQ-4, lo que da fe de la validez en función de la relación con variables externas. No se identificaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los niveles de intolerancia a la frustración por género y edad. Con base en estos hallazgos, se concluye que la versión adaptada del EFM tuvo propiedades psicométricas satisfactorias, apta para la investigación de la intolerancia a la frustración, permitiendo a investigadores y profesionales investigar cómo este constructo se manifiesta en la población brasileña y cómo se relaciona con las variables asociadas con la salud mental.




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