DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/apl33.01.2015.02

Avances en la Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional

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Rafael Ferro García, Luis Valero Aguayo

Resumen


El presente trabajo describe las variables que explican el proceso de cambio, los fundamentos y principios conductuales en los que se basa la Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional (FAP) y sus últimos avances. Sus fundamentos son los objetivos de intervención, es decir, las Conductas Clínicamente Relevantes (CCR) y también las cinco reglas terapéuticas propuestas. El análisis del proceso de cambio terapéutico propuesto permite comprender cuáles son las variables para conceptualizar un caso clínico. FAP hace hincapié en la relación cliente-terapeuta que da la oportunidad de moldear y reforzar las mejoras. Las líneas de investigación sobre eficacia y efectividad son prometedoras. Se describen recientes estudios de efectividad con diseños de caso único con medidas de la intervención con resultados positivos. Su integración con otras terapias de conducta de tercera generación produce efectos sinérgicos. Los avances expuestos de formas de evaluación y métodos de intervención dan oportunidades de innovar terapéuticamente y de evocar CCR necesarias para que se produzcan las mejoras.


Palabras clave


Psicoterapia Analítica Funcional; relaciones cliente-terapeuta; procesos de cambio terapéuticos; avances;

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