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El estudio tiene como objetivo describir las conductas protectoras adoptadas por los estudiantes portugueses de educación superior durante la pandemia, y analizar su relación con la percepción de riesgo y el papel mediador del miedo al COVID-19. Participaron en el estudio 335 estudiantes de entre 18 y 29 años (m = 21.42; ds = 2.43). Los participantes completaron una encuesta sobre conductas protectoras (es decir, preventivas y de evitación), percepción de riesgo y miedo al COVID-19. Los resultados mostraron que las conductas preventivas más utilizadas fueron el lavado/desinfección de manos a lo largo del día y el uso de mascarilla en la vía pública o al aire libre. Los comportamientos de evitación más adoptados fueron evadir lugares con reuniones e interacciones cara a cara con compañeros/amigos. Hubo una correlación positiva entre las conductas protectoras, la percepción de seriedad y el miedo al covid-19. También se encontró que el miedo al covid-19 medió la relación entre la percepción de severidad y las conductas preventivas (c’ = .26, ic 95% [.11; .44]) y de evitación (c’ = .28, ic 95% [.12; .50]). Los resultados se discuten considerando el papel de la percepción del riesgo y el miedo en las respuestas conductuales de los jóvenes en un contexto pandémico, así mismo se presentan implicaciones prácticas y sugerencias para estudios futuros.

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