Revista Universidad y Empresa

ISSN-e: 2145-4558

ISSN: 0124-4639 

Continuo pendular de la investigación en la administración internacional de las organizaciones: del positivismo funcionalista a la investigación cualitativa y etnográfica.

José G. Vargas Hernández

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Resumen


El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la construcción teórico-metodológica de explicaciones de la realidad de los fenómenos de la administración internacional de las organizaciones. Se parte del supuesto de que las teorías clásicas de la administración internacional de las organizaciones han evolucionado en forma paralela a los paradigmas de la ciencia que prevalece en cada época. En este trabajo se demuestra que los desarrollos teóricos metodológicos han fluctuado en un continuo pendular que va desde un extremo de las concepciones epistemológicas positivistas de la ciencia, pasando por el funcionalismo, el estructuralismo, el institucionalismo, el neoinstitucionalismo, el constructivismo social y la perspectiva crítica interpretativa, hasta alcanzar el extremo opuesto con los enfoques de la investigación cualitativa y etnográfica.


Palabras clave


administración internacional, constructivismo social y crítica interpretativa, estructuralismo funcional, institucionalismo, investigación cualitativa y etnográfi ca, neoinstitucionalismo, positivismo funcional.

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