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María Constanza Trillos Chacón
Janeth Hernández Jaramillo
Ana María Osorio Camacho
Ángela María Pulido Forero
Maritza Angélica Rodríguez Muñoz
Ana María Rojas Ramos
Andrea Torres Cuartas

Introducción: El 80 % de los adultos experimenta dolor lumbar por lo menos una vez en su vida. El dolor lumbar es la tercera causa de consulta en urgencias, la cuarta en medicina general, la segunda de pension por invalidez y la primera de reubicacion laboral. Objetivo: Comparar los criterios que orientan la toma de decisiones de un grupo de fisioterapeutas en Bogota, Colombia para el manejo del dolor lumbar cronico inespecifico con los criterios de manejo contenidos en la guia COST B13 (European Guidelines For The Management Of Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain, 2004). Materiales y método: Se trato de un estudio descriptivo, en el cual se selecciono la guia de practica clinica COST B13 para el manejo de dolor lumbar cronico inespecifico mediante la herramienta AGREE y se aplico una encuesta a 50 fisioterapeutas por medio de un muestreo por conveniencia con el fin de comparar las practicas clinicas que se realizan frente a las recomendaciones dadas en la guia. Resultados: El 56 % de los encuestados contaba con algun tipo de entrenamiento para el manejo del Dolor Lumbar Cronico Inespecifico (DLCI). El 94 % de los pacientes

con DLCI atendidos oscilan en edades de 40 a 59 anos, con predominio del sexo femenino. En el 80 % de los fisioterapeutas encuestados manifesto que la ayuda diagnostica con la que cuentan para el manejo de los pacientes es la imagen radiologica. El 80 % de los fisioterapeutas evalua la variable de dolor lumbar experimentado por el paciente y el 54 % la postura. Otros aspectos fueron reportados en menor porcentaje como test neurales, rangos de movimiento y pruebas de flexibilidad muscular. En el tratamiento del DLCI, los fisioterapeutas reportan hacer uso de los estiramientos en el 80 % de los casos, la termoterapia superficial, en el 70 % y el fortalecimiento muscular isometrico, en el 70 %, todos con resultados favorables. Conclusión: Existen diferencias entre la practica clinica y los lineamientos contenidos en las recomendaciones dadas por la guia COST B13 para DLCI, principalmente en los procesos de evaluacion clinica, ya que suelen estar centrados en la observacion y no siempre en la medicion rigurosa, lo que dificulta la posibilidad de establecer indicadores de proceso y desenlace en el diagnostico y tratamiento de los pacientes con DLCI.

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