Contenido principal del artículo

Autores/as

¿Se puede escindir el terrorismo de la insurgencia armada? ¿Toda expresión armada es terrorismo? ¿El territorio es un método de acción o una lógica de acción? Este artículo presenta un análisis de la insurgencia a la luz de la era antiterrorista del nuevo siglo. Con la utilización del ejemplo de Vietnam el autor señala cómo la insurgencia armada ha sido señalada de “terrorista”; sin embargo, debe revisarse detenidamente de manera estratégica este concepto para entender mejor la naturaleza de la violencia de dos fenómenos diferentes: la insurgencia transnacional y el terrorismo transnacional.

Tom Marks

Profesor de Insurgencia, Terrorismo y Contrainsurgencia de la National Defense University-Washington.
Marks, T. (2010). Insurgency in a time of terrorism. Desafíos, 12, 9–34. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.urosario.edu.co/index.php/desafios/article/view/671

Abbas, Hassan, Pakistan’s Drift Into Extremism: Allah, the Army, and America’s War on Terror, Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharpe, 2005.

Andrade, Dale, America’s Last Vietnam Battle: Halting Hanoi’s 1972 Easter Offensive, Lawrence, University Press of Kansas, 2001.

Bell, J. Bowyer, The Secret Army: The IRA, 3rd ed.,New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction, 1997.

Bickel, Keith B., Mars Learning: The Marine Corps’ Development of Small Wars Doctrine, 1915-1940, Boulder, CO, Westview Press, 2001.

Billington, James H., Fire in the Minds of Men: Origins of the Revolutionary Faith, New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction, 2004.

Birtle, Andrew J., U.S. Army Counterinsurgency and Contingency Operations Doctrine 1860-1941, Washington, DC, Center of Military History, U.S. Army, 1998.

Bonachea, Roman and Marta San Martin, The Cuban Insurrection 1952-1959, New Brunswick, NJ, Transaction, 1974.

Bullard, Monte R., The Soldier and the Citizen: Taiwan’s Military and Allegiance Warfare, 1950-1970, Armonk, NY, M.E. Sharpe, 1997.

Butterfield, Henry, The Fall of Che Guevara: A Story of Soldiers, Spies, and Diplomats , NY, Oxford University Press, 1998.

Cable, Larry, “Reinventing the Round Wheel: Insurgency, CounterInsurgency, and Peacekeeping Post Cold War,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 4/2, Autumn 1993, 228-62.

Che Guevara, Guerrilla Warfare, ed. Brian Loveman and Thomas M. Davies, 3rd ed., Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1997.

Childs, Matt, “An Historical Critique of the Emergence and Evolution of Ernesto Che Guevara’s Foco Theory,” Journal of Latin American Studies, 27/Pt. 3, October 1995.

Della Porta, Donatella and Herbert Reiter, eds., Policing Protest: The Control of Mass Demonstrations in Western Democracies , Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, 1998.

____________, Donatella, Social Movements, Political Violence, and the State, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Dosal, Paul, Commandante Che: Guerrilla Soildier, Commander, and Strategist, 1956-1967, University Park, The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2003.

English, Richard, Armed Struggle: The History of the IRA, NY: Oxford, 2003.

Johnson, Wray R., Vietnam and American Doctrine for Small Wars, Bangkok, White Lotus, 2001.

Marks, Tom, “Colombian Army Counterinsurgency,” Crime, Law & Social Change, 40 (2003), 77-105.

____________, “Colombian Military Support for ‘Democratic Security’,” forthcoming, NDU Press.

____________, “Evaluating Insurgent/ Counterinsurgent Performance,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 11/3, Winter 2000, 21-46.

____________, “Insurgency by the Numbers II: The Search for a Quantitative Relationship Between Agrarian Revolution and Land Tenure in South and Southeast Asia,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 5/2, Autumn 1994, 218-91

____________, “The Counter-Revolutionary: Sir Robert Thompson – Grand Master of Unconventional Warfare,” Soldier of Fortune, 14/10 (October 1989), 58-65/77-80.

Marks, Tom, Counterrevolution in China: Wang Sheng and the Kuomintang, London, Frank Cass, 1998.

____________, Insurgency in Nepal, Carlisle, PA, Army War College, 2003.

____________, Maoist Insurgency Since Vietnam, London, Frank Cass, 1996.

____________, Maoist People’s War in Post-Vietnam Asia, Kathmandu, Mandala Book Point, forthcoming.

____________, “Urban Insurgency,” Small Wars and Insurgencies, 14/3 (Autumn 2003), 100-57.

Mercier Vega, Luis, Guerrillas in Latin America: The Technique of the Counter-State, NY, Praeger, 1969.

Mitchell, Arthur, Revolutionary Government in Ireland: Dail Eireann 1919-22, Dublin: Gill and Macmillan, 1995.

O’Neill, Bard E, Insurgency and Terrorism: Inside Modern Revolutionary Warfare, Herndon, VA, Brassey’s 1990.

Paschall, Rod, “Low-Intensity Conflict Doctrine: Who Needs It?” Parameters, XV/3, Autumn 1985, 33-45.

Pike, Douglas, PAVN: People’s Army of Vietnam, Novato, CA, Presidio, 1986.

____________, Viet Cong: The Organization and Techniques of the National Liberation Front of South Vietnam, Cambridge, MA: The M.I.T. Press, 1966.

Pribbenow, Merle, “North Vietnam’s Master Plan,” Vietnam, August 1999, 30-36.

Reno, William, “The Failure of Peacekeeping in Sierra Leone,” Current History, May 2001, 219-25.

Rooney, Davud, Guerrilla: Insurgents, Patriots and Terrorists From Sun Tzu to Bin Laden (London: Brassey’s, 2004.

Scott David Palmer and Thomas A. Marks, “Radical Maoist Insurgents and Terrorist Tactics: Comparing Peru and Nepal,” LIC and Law Enforcement, forthcoming.

Scott, James, “Revolution in the Revolution: Peasants and Commissars,” Theory and Society, 7/1 & 2 (Jan-Mar 1979), 97-134.

Spencer, David and Jose Angel Moroni Bracamonte, Strategy and Tactics of the Salvadoran Guerrillas, Westport, CT, Praeger, 1995.

Sweig, Julia, Inside the Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro and the Urban Underground ,Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press, 2002.

The Making of Terrorism, trans. David Gordon White, Chicago, IL, The University of Chicago Press, 1993.

Von Clausewitz, Carl, On War , Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press, 1976.

Wieviorka, Michel, “Terrorism in the Context of Academic Research,” in Martha Crenshaw, ed., Terrorism in Context, University Park: The Pennsylvania State University Press, 1995, 597-606.

Zartman, William, Collapsed States: The Disintegration and Restoration of Legitimate Authority, Boulder, CO, Lynne Rienner, 1995.

Web pages

“Overview,” in the U.S. Army’s Interim Field Manual, FMI 3-07.22 Counterinsurgency Operations (October 2004).

“FARC Inc.,” Semana (2 February 2005), unpaginated [web download] http://semana2.terra.com.co/opencms/opencms/Semana/articulo.html?id=84464.

“Sri Lanka and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE): Terrorism Within Insurgent Matrix,” forthcoming, U.S. Institute for Peace, USIP, Washington, DC.

Descargas

Los datos de descargas todavía no están disponibles.