Avances en Psicología Latinoamericana

ISSN-e: 2145-4515

ISSN: 1794-4724 

La comprensión simbólica de imágenes digitales que representan acciones dirigidas hacia un fin

Daniela Eva Jauck, Olga Alicia Peralta

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/apl/a.5070

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Resumen


Los dispositivos digitales están cada vez más presentes en la vida cotidiana y han comenzado a utilizarse en la comunicación y el aprendizaje a edades muy tempranas. Aunque padres y educadores suponen que los pequeños comprenden la función simbólica de sus imágenes, la incipiente pero creciente investigación en el área no ha arrojado resultados claros al respecto. El objetivo del presente estudio fue indagar si los niños pequeños comprenden que las imágenes provistas por una tablet representan acciones que pueden ocurrir en la realidad. Presentamos a niños de 24, 30 y 36 meses de edad imágenes de acciones cotidianas en secuencias que no mostraban el resultado de la acción. Luego, los niños debían escoger un objeto real que ostentaba el resultado de la acción. Encontramos que a los 30 y 36 meses, pero no a los 24, los niños comprenden que las imágenes representan una acción que puede ocurrir en la realidad. Los resultados se discuten en torno a la comprensión simbólica de imágenes y a la comprensión de acciones intencionales cuyo fin los niños deben imaginar.


Palabras clave


comprensión simbólica; imágenes; acciones

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