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El populismo mantiene una relación ambivalente con la democracia liberal. Los lí­deres populistas suelen reclamar el poder para el pueblo y se consideran a sí mismos verdaderos demócratas, mientras sus detractores los acusan de demagogos o autorita­rios. En la literatura académica coexisten estas dos formas de entender el populismo: como amenaza a la democracia liberal o como una oportunidad de cambio político que contribuye a ampliar los espacios democráticos. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar cómo evolucionaron los principales índices de calidad de la democracia se­gún V-Dem en los países latinoamericanos que han tenido gobiernos adscritos a la izquierda populista, con el fin de comprobar si el populismo es una amenaza, un correctivo o, simplemente, una cuestión teórica sin mayores implicaciones prácticas para la democracia.

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