DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/apl32.2.2014.02

Biofeedback Cardiovascular y sus Aplicaciones: revisión de literatura

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July Silveira Gomes, Marcos Fábio Coghi, Priscila Coghi

Resumen


El biofeedback cardiovascular es una técnica de automodulación fisiológica mediada por la resonancia entre dos mecanismos de regulación cardiovascular: el reflejo barorreceptor y la arritmia sinusal respiratoria. Cuando ese fenómeno ocurre, es posible visualizar un aumento significativo en la amplitud de la frecuencia en torno a 0.1Hz, llamada baja frecuencia (low frequency, LF). En ese trabajo, se consultó la base de datos Pubmed y fueron revisados 31 trabajos, publicados entre el 2000 y junio del 2012. El protocolo más utilizado (en 43.94% de los artículos) fue desarrollado por Lehrer, Vaschillo, & Vaschillo (2000), y involucra 10 sesiones semanales, de 20 minutos cada una, y entrenamiento doméstico diario, dos veces al día durante 20 minutos. El entrenamiento con biofeedback ha presentado resultados promisorios como terapia complementar en diferentes trastornos, con reducción significativa en las escalas de ansiedad y depresión, sea cuando esas patologías se presentan como única molestia o como comorbilidad en otros trastornos. Los efectos sobre alteraciones cognitivas presentan resultados inconsistentes.

Palabras clave


Biofeedback cardiovascular; Regulación autonómica; Retroalimentación fisiológica; Coherencia cardíaca;

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Referencias


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