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Basado en la premisa de que los roles de hombres y mujeres son distintos en la econo­mía y, al mismo tiempo, se ven reforzados por decisiones políticas y por la estructura social, el objetivo de este trabajo es investigar cuál fue la participación femenina en el sector de confección de Bangladesh para el exitoso desempeño económico del país desde la década de 1980 hasta el presente. Desde la aplicación de una perspectiva analítica heterodoxa y un estudio de caso, se demuestra que no ha habido progreso tecnológico significativo, diversificación productiva y desarrollo económico en Bangladesh al ritmo de las tasas de crecimiento del país. Además, la mayor demanda de mano de obra femenina en la industria de la confección, un sector clave de la economía, no ha sacado a las mujeres de la condición de dependencia o subordinación a los hombres, ya que las desigualdades de género persisten en el mercado laboral del país.

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