Desafíos

ISSN-e: 2145-5112

ISSN: 0124-4035 

China en el ámbito del cambio climático. Negociaciones exteriores y políticas domésticas

Jefferson dos Santos Estevoorcid

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/desafios/a.7682
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Resumen


El cambio climático, derivado del creciente calentamiento global, ya se siente en diversas partes del planeta. La cooperación entre los Estados es necesaria para que las emisiones de gases del efecto invernadero disminuyan, controlando el aumento de la temperatura global. Las negociaciones sobre cambio climático presentaban la división entre países desarrollados y en desarrollo, sustituida por el nuevo modelo en París 2015. China es actor central en las negociaciones y el mayor emisor global. Las emisiones chinas se derivan en mayor medida del sector de energía, basado en el carbón y en el petróleo. El país indicó sus metas voluntarias en Copenhague 2009, lo que es entendido como evolución en su política climática. En el año 2015, antes de la cop 21, el país comunicó la Intención Nacional Designada (ndc), reducción de intensidad de emisiones entre el 60 % y el 65 % en relación con el año 2005, y un 20 % de la matriz energética basada en energía renovable, ambas hasta el año 2030. El cambio climático recibió atención en las políticas domésticas chinas, sobretodo en la reformulación de la matriz energética. El país apoya el principio de la responsabilidad común, pero diferenciada, para mantener su política externa climática. El riesgo del cambio climático está presente en el país, que adoptó a partir de 2007 políticas nacionales sobre el clima. El objetivo del artículo es realizar el levantamiento de las acciones de China sobre cambio climático, tanto en el ámbito interno como internacional, en el período hasta el Acuerdo de París 2015.


Palabras clave


China; cambio climático; política externa; energía.

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