ACDI - Anuario Colombiano de Derecho Internacional

ISSN-e: 2145-4493

ISSN: 2027-1131 

Construyendo prevención para proteger: el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos

Carlos Portales, Diego Rodríguez-Pinzón

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revistas.urosario.edu.co/acdi/a.5300
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Resumen


El presente artículo explora la forma como el Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos responde a la responsabilidad de proteger a personas en el contexto de violaciones graves a los derechos humanos que pueden caracterizarse como crímenes de guerra, crímenes de lesa humanidad, genocidio y limpieza étnica. El texto desarrolla algunos ejemplos sobre la forma como la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos han respondido frente a dichas situaciones recurriendo a la diversidad de potestades que les han sido reconocidas a estos mecanismos de supervisión regional. Los autores sugieren que esta ha sido una de las formas más eficaces a través de las cuales los Estados del hemisferio americano han confrontado este tipo de situaciones y, más importante aún, han prevenido dichas violaciones. El Sistema Interamericano ha contribuido a sentar unas bases institucionales democráticas en la mayoría de los países del hemisferio, lo cual ha sido definitivo para evitar situaciones de graves violaciones de derechos humanos como las antes enunciadas, que habrían requerido la intervención internacional urgente para superar tales crisis.


Palabras clave


Responsabilidad de proteger, Sistema Interamericano de Derechos Humanos, Convención Americana sobre Derechos Humanos,Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos, Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.

Referencias


Books, book chapters, journal articles, and websites

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Hugo Leonardo de los Santos Mendoza v. Uruguay, Cases 10.029, 10.036, 10.145, 10.305, 10.372, 10.373, 10.374 and 10.375, Inter-Am. Comm’n HR, Report No. 29/92, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.83, doc. 14 (1993).

Ignacio Ellacuría, S.J. et. al. v. El Salvador, Case 10.488, Inter-Am. Comm’n HR, Report No. 136/99, OEA/Ser.L/V/II.106, doc. 6 (1999).

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