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Este documento analiza las relaciones entre el derecho internacional del medio ambiente y el derecho internacional de inversión. Así mismo, discute las herramientas existentes y los mecanismos procesales disponibles ante las cortes y los tribunales internacionales para promover el cumplimiento de los principios emergentes, las normas y los compromisos relacionados con la sostenibilidad. Este artículo considera la forma en que las cortes y los tribunales internacionales han recurrido a la protección del medio ambiente mediante la interpretación de tratados. También, evalúa las diferentes formas a que hace referencia la protección del medio ambiente en tratados de inversión bilateral. Finalmente, el texto examina los dispositivos procesales que podrían ser usados para tener en cuenta y tratar las consideraciones medioambientales dentro del marco de referencia de la inversión.
Laurence Boisson de Chazournes, University of GenevaProfessor of International Law and International Organization at the University of Geneva; Associate Member of the Institut de droit international; Arbitrator and Counsel with various International Courts and Tribunals.
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Documents/Bilateral Investment Treaties
Acordo de cooperacão e facilitacão de investimentos entre o governo da república federativa do Brasil e o governo da república de Moçam-bique, 2015, available at: http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/3352, consulted on 15 February 2016.
Agreement between Canada and the Slovak Republic for the Promotion and the Protection of Investments, 20 July 2010, available at http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/634, con-sulted on 15 February 2016.
Agreement between the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union and the Government of the Republic of Mozambique on the Reciprocal Promotion and Protection of Investment, 18 July 2006, available at http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/393, consulted on 15 February 2016.
Agreement Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Benin for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 9 January 2013, available at: http://investmentpo-licyhub.unctad.org/IIA/country/35/treaty/563, consulted on 14 February 2016.
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the People’s Republic of China for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 9 September 2012, http://investment-policyhub.unctad.org/IIA/country/42/treaty/778, consulted on 14 February 2016.
Agreement Between the Government of Canada and the Government of the People’s Republic of China for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 9 September 2012, http://investmen-tpolicyhub.unctad.org/IIA/country/42/treaty/778, consulted on 14 February 2016.
Agreement between the Government of Canada and the Government of the Republic of Benin for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, 9 January 2013, available at http://investmentpo-licyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/438, consulted on 16 February 16 2016.
Agreement between the Government of Romania and the Government of Canada for the Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Inves-tments, 8 May 2009, available at http://investmentpolicyhub.unctad. org/Download/TreatyFile/3503, consulted on 26 February 2016.
Annex 1 “Cooperation on Investment” of the SADC Protocol on Finance and Investment, 18 August 2006, available at http://www.sadc.int/files/4213/5332/6872/Protocol_on_Finance__Investment2006. pdf, consulted on 15 February 2016.
EU-Korea FTA, 16 September 2010, available at http://investmentpoli-
cyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/2602, consulted on 15 February 2016.
NAFTA Agreement, Chapter 11, Article 11.10, available at https://ustr.gov/sites/default/files/uploads/agreements/fta/korus/asset_upload_fi-le587_12710.pdf, consulted on 25 February 2016. Protocol of the Agreement between the Swiss Confederation and the United Mexican States on the Promotion and Reciprocal Protec-tion of Investments, 10 July 1995, available at http://investmen-tpolicyhub.unctad.org/Download/TreatyFile/2006, consulted on 15 February 2016.
SADC Model BIT, 2012, available at http://www.iisd.org/itn/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/sadc-model-bit-template-final.pdf, consulted on 16 February 2016.
Treaty between the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Rwanda Concerning the Encou-ragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment, 19 February 2008, available at: http://go.usa.gov/3pmXd, consulted on 14 February 2016.
UNCTAD Investment Policy Framework for Sustainable Development, Principles for Investment Policy Making (2015), available at http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/diaepcb2015d5_en.pdf, con-sulted on 15 February 2016
UNCTAD World Investment Report: Investing in a Low-Carbon Economy (UNCTAD/WIR/2010)