DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12804/revsalud14.02.2016.10

La importancia del vínculo en la infancia: entre el psicoanálisis y la neurobiología

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Eduardo Rendón Quintero, Rodolfo Rodríguez-Gómez

Resumen


La aproximación entre biología y psicoanálisis se hace difícil, dado que utilizan diferentes metodologías para la adquisición de conocimientos y formación de sus cuerpos doctrinales. Las investigaciones en biología ofrecen la posibilidad de cuantificar y comparar resultados, soportes empíricos más bien ausentes en los constructos de la teoría psicoanalítica. Esta se basa más en la labor interpretativa de los contenidos que surgen durante la relación terapéutica con el paciente, concediendo la mayor importancia a la historia individual de este y a la propia relación paciente-terapeuta. Sin embargo, han existido intentos de diálogo entre ambas disciplinas que conducen a un enriquecimiento mutuo y a un entendimiento más profundo de un campo complejo y fascinante como la mente humana. Bajo este panorama, este artículo pretende entablar un correlato entre algunos hallazgos e hipótesis de la neurobiología y algunos postulados derivados de la teoría psicoanalítica, enfocándose en la importancia del vínculo temprano madre-hijo como factor influyente en la salud mental del individuo.


Palabras clave


relaciones madre-hijo; psicoanálisis; neurobiología.

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